John Bosco (Italian: Giovanni Melchiorre Bosco; 16 August 1815 – 31 January 1888), popularly known as Don Bosco, was an Italian Roman Catholic priest of the Latin Church, educator and writer of the 19th century. While working in Turin, where the population suffered many of the effects of industrialization and urbanization, he dedicated his life to the betterment and education of street children, juvenile delinquents, and other disadvantaged youth. He developed teaching methods based on love rather than punishment, a method that became known as the Salesian Preventive System. Don Bosco was born in a small hamlet called Becchi in the north of Italy. He was called John. His father died when he was only two years old. Despite dire poverty and severe family difficulties he lived his life with great vivacity, deep religiosity and a willingness to try to do almost anything. He could use all these skills to train his own students. John entered the Seminary and eventually became a priest on June 1841. He organized those who were of his own, and formed them into a community, with St. Francis Sales as their patron and called them Salesians. The spirit and mission of Don Bosco spread throughout the world. Today there are over 15,000 Salesians working in 132 countries. In India there are 11 provinces, 285 institutions and 2600 Salesians. Of these 350 are in the Bangalore Province serving in 45 presences..